One of the tools I use on a daily basis is Git, a Distributed Version Control System (DVCS). Other than the usual
git checkout -b branch,
git tag -a and
git merge/push/pull, the Git workflow generally demands very little of me to keep the repository under control.
If not for a few “human errors” that happen once in a while (or a couple of times every week), there’s not much to write home about. In those instances, I have to admit that relying on the search engine to answer specific questions usually gets things done faster than parsing the man/help page or going through the docs. Lazy. I know!
After repeating the same process a few times and finding answers on different sites, I decided to just compile a list as I go along rather than trying to remember the search terms I used to get the answer last time. In any case, here is the list of my commonly-used as well as “almost” commonly-used Git commands.
Branching with Git
#list all branches git branch -l # create and immediately checkout a new branch git checkout -b [branchname] # create a new branch git branch [branchname] # delete branch git branch -d [branchname] # all local branches up to remote repository git push [remotename] --all # delete remote branch git push [remotename] :[branch name] # track a remote repository git branch --track [branchname] origin/[branchname]
Tagging with Git
# list all available tags git tag -l # create an annotated tag git tag -a [tagname] # delete tag git tag -d [tagname] # remove remote tag git push [remotename] :refs/tags/[tagname] # push all local tags to remote git push [remotename] --tags # fetch all remote tags git fetch --tags # show verbose view of the tag git show [tagname]
Remote Repository Management with Git
# view existing remote urls git remote -v # change origin remote's URL git remote set-url origin [path to new repository] # add remote git remote add [remote-name] [path to remote repository] # pull changes from remote get fetch [remote-name]
Other Commonly-used git Commands
# merge codes with another branch git merge [branchname] # neater way to view git log that I actually created an alias called "git_pretty" git log --pretty=oneline --max-count=[no. of lines] --abbrev-commit
I plan to update this list every time I have to search for the same thing twice! So what are some of your commonly used git commands?
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